March 2017 © Thomas Kleissl
In 17, Franz-Fischer-Straße, formerly known as Fischergasse, Ludwig Löwensohn and his wife Paula, née Turnovsky, lived along with Alois Schulhof’s family. A group of NSKK men attacked the apartment during the pogrom night and beat Ludwig Löwensohn. The Löwensohn couple and their children Paul, Walter, and Ilse were able to escape to Palestine.
März 2017 © Thomas Kleissl
In 20, Franz-Fischer-Straße, formerly known as Fischergasse, in the 1st floor lived 62-year-old Josef Schulhof with his 67-year-old wife Anna, divorced Skopall and née Ernst, and his 51-year-old daughter Paula (Papi) Schulhof. On that night, the apartment was stormed by men from the NSKK and furnishings such as chairs, tables, crockery, glass doors, and a refrigerator were damaged. Josef Schulhof’s face was swollen after a missed punch to the face. The men shouted slogans like ‘Down with the Jews!’ and ‘Beat them to death!’.
Josef Schulhof was a member of the Cultural Council of the Israelite Community and former senior owner of the “Schulhof fashion house”, located at 12, Museumstraße and 19, Marktgraben. The fashion house was Aryanized by the “Pohl fashion house” on July 1, 1938, and both businesses were merged at Marktgraben. After migration to Vienna, Josef Schulhof passed away on April 30, 1942. His wife Anna survived the Theresienstadt concentration camp, returned to Tyrol, and died on October 24, 1952, in Innsbruck. Their daughter Margarethe and her husband Friedrich Löwy were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where they were killed. Son Alois and his wife Paula, née Braun, and son Walter lived with the Löwensohn family in the opposite house, at 17, Franz-Fischer-Straße since late July 1938 after they had to give up their previous residence at 7, Friedhofsallee (now University Clinic Surgery building). They managed to escape to Palestine via Vienna. After the war, Alois Schulhof returned to Innsbruck, where he continued to run the “Schulhof fashion house”, and passed away in 1993.
März 2017 © Thomas Kleissl
In 22, Franz-Fischer-Straße, formerly known as Fischergasse, lived the family of Josef Schenkel, his wife Marianne, née Skopall, and their children Hans-Bernhard and Eva. In the summer of 1938, the Schenkel family gave shelter to Louis Rado, his wife Anni, born Kraus, and their 15-year-old daughter Elfi, who had to vacate their apartment in 9a, Adamgasse. During the pogrom night, men from the NSKK attacked the apartment. Josef Schenkel and Louis Rado were severely beaten.
The Rado family left Innsbruck on November 10th due to an ultimatum and moved to Vienna. From there, they fled to England on February 13th, 1939. The Schenkel family had to leave their apartment on November 24th and relocate to Vienna. The couple fled to Mauritius in 1939 and later arrived in Palestine. Their two children were able to flee to England in December 1938. Josef, Marianne, and Bernhard Schenkel returned to Innsbruck in 1948, while Eva remained in England.
Translated by OpenAI’s ChatGPT
Nikolaus Hagen >”NSKK-Scharführer Josef Alois Seit” > in: Die Täter des Judenpogroms 1938 in Innsbruck, Thomas Albrich (Hg.), StudienVerlag 2016, S 290-291
Johanna Maier < "NSKK-Sturmführer Karl Hanl" > in: Die Täter des Judenpogroms 1938 in Innsbruck, Thomas Albrich (Hg.), StudienVerlag 2016, S 309-315
Horst Schreiber (Hg.) < Jüdische Geschäfte in Innsbruck - Eine Spurensuche > StudienVerlag 2001
Gad Hugo Sella < Die Juden Tirols - Ihr Leben und Schicksal > Israel 1979, S 112-113
(1) Familie Ludwig Löwensohn / Paula Turnovsky – http://www.hohenemsgenealogie.at/gen/familygroup.php?familyID=F2094&tree=Hohenems – last visit 12.03.2017
(2) Familie Josef Schulhof / Anna Ernst – http://www.hohenemsgenealogie.at/gen/familygroup.php?familyID=F2777&tree=Hohenems – last visit 12.03.2017
(2) Familie Josef Schenkel / Marianne Skopall – http://www.hohenemsgenealogie.at/gen/familygroup.php?familyID=F2635&tree=Hohenems – last visit 12.03.2017